PHP Course

course overview

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All attendees must have general familiarity with HTML and CSS. Some database experience and/or programming experience will also be helpful.


Outline of Introduction to PHP Training 1. PHP Basics

  • Welcome to the Server-side
    • What is a web server?
    • Dynamic Websites
  • Google Chrome DevTools: Network Tab
    • Status Codes
  • How PHP Works
    • The phpini File
    • PHP Tags
    • Hello, World!
  • Comments
  • PHP Statements and Whitespace
  • PHP Functions
  • phpnet
  • Exercise: Using phpnet
  • Variables
    • Variable Types
    • Variable Names (Identifiers)
    • Type Juggling and Casting
    • Hello Variables!
  • Exercise: First PHP Script
  • Variable Scope
    • Superglobals
  • Single Quotes vs Double Quotes
  • Concatenation
  • Passing Variables on the URL
  • Exercise: Passing Variables via the Query String
  • User-defined Functions (UDFs)
    • Defining and Calling Functions
    • Default Values
    • Variable Scope
    • By Reference vs By Value
  • Introduction to the Poet Tree Club
  • Including Files
    • require
    • require_once
  • Exercise: Using Header and Footer Includes
  • Constants
  • Error Reporting
  • Exercise: Displaying Errors
    • Including a Secure Configuration File
  • Exercise: Including a Configuration File

2. PHP Conditionals

  • if / if - else / if - elseif - else
    • Simple if Condition
    • if-else Condition
    • if-elseif-else statement
    • False Equivalents: Falsy Values
  • Testing for Variable Existence
  • Exercise: Checking for Variable Existence
  • switch/case
  • Exercise: Working with Conditions
  • Ternary Operator
  • Exercise: The Ternary Operator
  • Null Coalescing Operator

3. Arithmetic Operators and Loops

  • Arithmetic Operators
  • The Modulus Operator
  • Loops
    • while
    • dowhile
    • for
    • break and continue
  • Exercise: Working with Loops

4. Arrays

  • Indexed Arrays
    • Initializing Arrays
    • Appending to an Array
    • Reading from Arrays
    • Looping through Arrays
  • Exercise: Working with Indexed Arrays
  • Associative Arrays
    • Initializing Associative Arrays
    • Reading from Associative Arrays
    • Looping through Associative Arrays
    • Superglobal Arrays
  • Exercise: Working with Associative Arrays
  • Multi-dimensional Arrays
    • Reading from Two-dimensional Arrays
    • Looping through Two-dimensional Arrays
    • Two-dimensional Associative Arrays
    • Non-tabular Multi-dimensional Arrays
  • Array Manipulation Functions
  • in_array() Function
  • Exercise: Array Practice

5. Working with Databases

  • Objects
  • Attributes / Properties
  • Behaviors / Methods
  • Classes vs Objects
  • Connecting to a Database with PDO
  • Introducing the Poetree Database
  • phpMyAdmin
  • Querying Records with PHP
  • Exercise: Creating a Single Poem Page
  • Queries Returning Multiple Rows
  • Exercise: Creating the Poems Listings
  • Exercise: Adding Pagination
  • Exercise: Sorting
  • Exercise: Filtering
  • Exercise: Adding Filtering Links to the Single Poem Page

6. Exception Handling

  • Uncaught Exceptions
  • Throwing Your Own Exceptions
  • Catching Exceptions
    • Getting Information about Exceptions
  • Exercise: Division Form
  • PDOExceptions
  • Exercise: Logging Errors
  • Exercise: The dbConnect() Function
  • When Queries Fail to Execute
  • Exercise: Catching Errors in the PHP Poetry Website

7. PHP and HTML Forms

  • HTML Forms
    • How HTML Forms Work
  • Form Submissions
  • Sanitizing Form Data
    • htmlspecialchars()
    • htmlentities()
    • filter_var()
    • filter_input()
  • Validating Form Data
    • Was the Field Filled In?
    • Is the Entered Value an Integer?
    • Is it an Email?
    • Is it a Valid Password and Do the Passwords Match?
    • Do the Combined Values Create a Valid Date?
    • Did the User Check the Box?
  • Exercise: Processing Form Input

8. Sending Email with PHP

  • mail()
    • Shortcomings of mail()
  • Setting Up PHPMailer
    • Get and Install the Latest Version of PHPMailer
  • Mail Server
  • Exercise: Including a Mail Configuration File
  • Sending Email with PHPMailer
  • PHPMailer Methods and Properties
  • Exercise: Creating a Contact Form

9. Authentication with PHP and SQL

  • The Registration Process
  • Passwords and Pass Phrases
  • Registration with Tokens
  • Exercise: Creating a Registration Form
  • Sessions
    • Session Variables
  • Cookies
  • Exercise: Logging in
  • Logging Out
  • $_REQUEST Variables
  • Exercis9: Resetting the Pass Phrase

10. LAB: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Poems

  • Exercise: Submitting a New Poem
  • Exercise: Editing an Existing Poem
  • Exercise: Deleting a Poem

11. Uploading Files

  • Uploading Images via an HTML Form
  • Resizing Images
  • Exercise: Uploading a Profile Picture

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